P O P A R T W O R K S . C O M
Alan Mathison Turing(23 June 1912 7 June 1954) was a British pioneering computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst and theoretical biologist.
He was highly influential in the development of computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of algorithm and computation with the Turing machine,
which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer.
Turing is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence.
Turing was prosecuted in 1952 for homosexual acts, when such behaviour was still a criminal act in the UK.
He accepted treatment with DES (chemical castration) as an alternative to prison.
Turing died in 1954, 16 days before his 42nd birthday, from cyanide poisoning. An inquest determined his death as suicide.
In 2009, following an Internet campaign, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown made an official public apology on behalf of the British government
for "the appalling way he was treated".
Queen Elizabeth II granted him a posthumous pardon in 2013.
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